Report examines cost of pig meat production in 17 countries
The cost of pig meat production in 17 countries has been examined in a report published by the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB).
The annual publication, The Pig Cost of Production in Selected Countries, has been updated with full-year data from 2019. It shows the cost of pig meat production in the UK decreased by 3% in 2019, to £1.42 per kg. The average cost of production in the EU was also £1.42 per kg deadweight – a 1% decrease in sterling terms compared with 2018.
AHDB’s lead analyst, Carol Davis, said: “These latest figures show that in comparison with the previous year, EU pig prices were relatively strong in 2019. As overall costs of production generally fell during this period, this resulted in positive margins in virtually all countries.
“Due to the continued global demand, pig prices and margins remained strong into 2020, but with falling pig prices and increasing feed costs, this will have led to negative margins in the last quarter.”
The report also shows that the average number of pigs weaned per sow per year in the EU increased by 1% in 2019, up from 28.1 in 2018 to 28.4. Pigs weaned per sow per year in Great Britain’s indoor herds remained the same in 2019 at 27.4. Great Britain’s outdoor herds bounced back from the weather effect of 2018, achieving 24.1 in 2019 – an increase of 4%.
Excluding Great Britain’s outdoor herds, there is a difference of 8.7 pigs weaned per sow per year between the highest- and lowest-performing EU countries.
Great Britain’s indoor herds continued to produce over two tonnes of carcase meat per sow in 2019 – 1% higher than in 2018 – mainly due to the increase in liveweight at slaughter.
Davis added: “While producers have little control over pig prices and feed prices, they can influence physical performance traits, or key performance indicators (KPIs). On average, the UK continues to wean fewer piglets per sow per year and this remains a reason why we have a relatively higher cost than other countries with similar production systems.”